Lab - URWERK - ADDING INTELLIGENCE to the mechanical watch


Lab - URWERK - ADDING INTELLIGENCE to the mechanical watch
Europa Star WorldWatchWeb, 20 September 2013    Español Français Pусский 繁體中文
Pierre Maillard

Ever since the company was founded in 1997, Urwerk has been a pioneer in new independent watchmaking. Exploring the realm of hour satellites like no other brand, offering this unusual complication in more than one form, Urwerk has broken new ground in watchmaking, in both technical and aesthetic terms. But while we have often been able to admire the strange and futuristic machines telling the time that have left the Urwerk workshops, we have never stressed enough the fact that the approach of Felix Baumgartner and Martin Frei also has a purely horological justification. Because, beyond these effects of form, the purely horological quest for precision has always been at the heart of Urwerk’s concerns. With this in mind, the brand recently unveiled highly original research into adding “intelligence” to a precision mechanical timepiece.

PERMANENT CHECKS INTEGRATED INTO THE MOVEMENT

Urwerk has already explored the interactivity between the watch and its owner, in particular with the different “control boards” fitted to its timepieces, which allow the wearer to adjust, for example, the self-winding function according to their activities (in the recent UR-210). But in its EMC laboratory project, Urwerk takes things a step further. Their stated aim is not only to create a very precise watch but also to be able to test and adjust its rate in real time, at any time and in the simplest of ways by the wearer. In other words, it’s as if the watch’s rate is being permanently monitored.

EMC and the ARCAP balance wheel
EMC and the ARCAP balance wheel

Until now, this type of monitoring could only be done by machines (the famous Witschi machines) that only watchmakers have. What’s more, these machines do not monitor the watch on the wrist. Urwerk therefore conceived a system of monitoring using an optical sensor with a direct link to the balance. Timed by an electronic oscillator with a frequency of 16,000,000Hz, a very high-precision reference frequency, this optical sensor records the oscillations of the watch’s balance wheel, which oscillates at 28,800 vibrations/hour, or 4Hz, in real time. A form of “artificial intelligence” (in this case an electronic circuit) calculates the difference between the rate of the movement and the reference oscillator. All that remains is to convert this information into a readable display for the wearer and allow him to adjust the watch as accurately as possible based on the information received.

MECHANICS REDESIGNED FOR BETTER ANALYSIS

But precise measurements require precise architecture. In order to make the information readable, the watch’s mechanics had to be entirely redesigned. The most spectacular transformation is on the balance wheel. Made out of ARCAP, it has a perfectly linear morphology with optimised aerodynamics to reduce any loss of amplitude. The stability and linear performance of the watch have been improved by the use of a double barrel that is assembled vertically on the same axis, which delivers its power from an 80-hour reserve. An adjusting screw accessible from the outside of the watch can be used to adjust the rate precisely via the index by adjusting the active length of the spring.

At the moment, the EMC only exists as a blown-up prototype and grouping these elements together inside a compact case is the next challenge for Urwerk. You may well ask whether this is moving away from purely mechanical watchmaking. After all, don’t the optical sensor and the electronic circuit need an electric power supply? Of course. But it is not supplied by any run-of-the-mill battery but by a manual generator in the form of a winding key that chargers a capacitor powering the monitoring functions of the EMC.

See the final watch in our news item dedicated to the EMC by Urwerk.

Lab, read also: Hoptroff - The world’s most accurate watch

Source: Europa Star August - September 2013 Magazine Issue



Urwerk

Felix Baumgartner
114 Rue du Rhône
CH 1204 Genève
Tel : +41 (0)22 900 20 27
Fax : +41 (0)22 900 20 26
press@urwerk.com
www.urwerk.com


More Info
URWERK

Spotlights - URWERK

URWERK was born from a meeting in 1995 between Felix, his brother both gifted watchmakers – and Martin Frei, a talented artist and designer. These young men were united by their common passion for (...)
URWERK - PAST AND FUTURE clash in the DARK KNIGHT and IRON KNIGHT
20 June 2014

Europa Star’s Cover Stories - URWERK - PAST AND FUTURE clash in the DARK KNIGHT and IRON KNIGHT

The new school of watchmaking owes a great deal to the Urwerk company, which has captured imaginations since 1997 with a string of pioneering creations. Urwerk has indeed appeared to break (...)
En couverture d'Europa Star Juin/Juillet 2014: URWERK - Dark Knight et Iron Knight, vigoureuse rencontre entre passé et futur
16 juin 2014

Europa Star Première - En couverture d’Europa Star Juin/Juillet 2014: URWERK - Dark Knight et Iron Knight, vigoureuse rencontre entre passé et futur

La «nouvelle horlogerie» doit beaucoup à URWERK dont les différentes réalisations pionnières ont, dès 1997, fortement marqué les esprits. En renouvelant de façon profonde les formes traditionnelles des (...)
Urwerk presents the EMC – the first high-end mechanical watch with a "brain"
28 August 2013

News - Urwerk presents the EMC – the first high-end mechanical watch with a "brain"

As we report in the August/September issue of Europa Star, Urwerk heralds the dawn of a new era in mechanical timekeeping with the launch of the world’s first watch with an on-board monitoring (...)
Urwerk Presents its First Mechanical "Smart" Watch Movement
30 May 2013

News - Urwerk Presents its First Mechanical "Smart" Watch Movement

Urwerk’s innovative, anti-establishment spirit has now been channeled into a watchmaking Holy Grail: the first mechanical timepiece with integrated intelligence.
Urwerk: Very high mechanical interactivity
20 March 2013

Features - Urwerk: Very high mechanical interactivity

We will also be able to discover another new and remarkable creation at BaselWorld, from those who are opening new avenues in watchmaking or, we might say, even opening a new chapter. This would (...)
BaselWorld 2012 - Urwerk's UR-110 ST
13 March 2012

News - BaselWorld 2012 - Urwerk’s UR-110 ST

Already distinguished at the 2011 Geneva Watchmaking Grand Prix, the UR-110 is back centre-stage, still with its satellite hours on planetary gears connecting to a day/night indicator and oil (...)
Urwerk presents the UR-110 in red gold
3 February 2012

News - Urwerk presents the UR-110 in red gold

Urwerk presented two new models during the week of the Geneva shows. Europa Star previewed one of these – the futuristic “Zeit Device” pocket watch – with a detailed explanation in the current (...)

Europa Star is the premier provider of international watch industry news and information. For 85 years, we have supplied watch retailers, watch distributors, watch designers, watch agents and watch manufacturers with news from the international watch industry. Our web and print publications are of interest to the specialized watch trade and the world’s most knowledgeable aficionados, watch collectors and consumers. Our magazines and websites are available in several different languages, making them accessible to all international markets and an essential tool for anyone working in the watch business and all those passionate about watches.

© 2014 Europa Star - All rights reserved.