time-keeper


Who will save King George the Third’s Breguet?

UNITED KINGDOM

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February 2021


Who will save King George the Third's Breguet?

The British government is sounding the alarm: an exceptionally rare example of a Breguet Four Minute Tourbillon watch, owned by King George III and sold at auction last year, is at risk of leaving the country “unless a UK buyer can be found to save the work for the nation”. A temporary export bar has been placed on this watch worth more than £2 million.

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s we can read on the UK government website, “an exceptionally rare example of a Breguet Four Minute Tourbillon watch, owned by King George III, is at risk of leaving the country unless a UK buyer can be found to save the work for the nation”.

A temporary export bar has been placed on this watch, that was sold at auction last summer for £1.6 million, “to allow time for a UK gallery or institution to potentially come forward and save the work for the nation”. Valued at £2 million, plus VAT of £400,000, the watch was made in 1808 for His Majesty King George III and is thought to be one of fewer than ten tourbillon watches known to exist.

As reported by The Telegraph, “the ban is part of the government’s export control licencing system and exists in part to allow museums and national institutions the chance to acquire objects considered to be of national importance.”

Designed and made by the pre-eminent watchmaker Abraham-Louis Breguet, the watch was designed to keep good time with a mechanism to stabilise and protect the movement from being disturbed by daily use. Its austere beauty and innovative mechanism represents a pinnacle of horological technology.

A temporary export bar has been placed on this watch “to allow time for a UK gallery or institution to potentially come forward and save the work for the nation”.

The watch at risk of export was part of the collection of King George III and Queen Charlotte. The King was a keen horologist and, as well as engaging leading horologists of the day, he actively involved himself in the creation of pieces that he commissioned. The Royal Collection holds manuscripts written in the King’s hand in which he details the procedure for assembling and disassembling watches.

Watches of this style are not currently represented in any public collection in the UK and this is thought to be one of less than ten known to survive.

An exceptionally rare example of a Breguet Four Minute Tourbillon watch, owned by King George III
An exceptionally rare example of a Breguet Four Minute Tourbillon watch, owned by King George III

Culture Minister Caroline Dinenage said: “With the nation captivated by Bridgerton, there is no better time for this watch owned by George III to come to light. This rare specimen is beautifully crafted and would make an excellent addition to a UK collection. I hope that a buyer can be found so that the public can continue to be inspired by this exciting period of our history.”

“With the nation captivated by Bridgerton, there is no better time for this watch owned by George III to come to light.”

The Minister’s decision follows the advice of the Reviewing Committee on the Export of Works of Art and Objects of Cultural Interest (RCEWA). The committee noted that the watch was an outstanding technical accomplishment, demonstrating Breguet’s skill as a watchmaker and embodied the Enlightenment values of early 19th century Britain.

Committee Member Pippa Shirley said: “This watch is a tour-de-force of the art of horology. At the very cutting edge of technology, the beauty of its mechanism is matched by the restrained elegance of its case, all of which would have been prized by its original owner King George III, an astute collector and active horologist.”

This important type of watch is not currently represented in any national collection. With fewer than ten thought to still exist, the opportunity to save this pristine example for the nation, with its rich connection to the social and political history of Britain and Europe, simply must not be missed. Its loss from Britain would be a misfortune.

King George III in coronation robes, Allan Ramsay, 1762
King George III in coronation robes, Allan Ramsay, 1762

The RCEWA made its recommendation on the grounds of the watch’s outstanding significance for the study of British collecting, horology and the social and political history of Britain and Europe.

The decision on the export licence application for the watch will be deferred until 28 April 2021. This may be extended until 28 September 2021 if a serious intention to raise funds to purchase it is made at the recommended price of £2,000,000 plus VAT of £400,000.

Organisations or individuals interested in purchasing the watch should contact the RCEWA on 0845 300 6200.

Details of the watch are as follows:

Certificate No. 4178 issued by the Breguet firm in Paris on 29 June 1808 shows that this watch was issued to their agent in London, Recordon, for King George III. The watch was signed by Recordon, rather than Breguet, perhaps to disguise the sale to the British King during the Napoleonic Wars. The watch is an early example incorporating Breguet’s tourbillon, possibly Breguet’s single greatest contribution to the field. He conceived the idea while in Switzerland between 1793-1795, in exile from the Reign of Terror in Paris. It was patented on June 26, 1801 and was finally put into commercial production in 1805.

The escapement, the beating-heart of a watch responsible for controlling its timekeeping, is subject to varying forces as it moves about in normal use, which can adversely affect timekeeping. Breguet sought to reduce these positional errors by incorporating the tourbillon which caused the entire escapement assembly to rotate continuously through 360°, the word “tourbillon” translating as “whirlwind”.

Breguet excelled at knowing what his customers wanted and watches fitted with tourbillons were and are highly prized. Breguet sold 35 tourbillon watches between 1805 and 1823 and less than ten survive, thus making them rare and coveted pieces. It includes a thermometer, seconds, stopping seconds and a state of wind indicator and has a high quality gold case.

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